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Marine Parts Depot Specialist Helps You Enjoy Your First Boating Experiences

Raritan Engineering Company your marine parts depot professionals would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding how to endure the bumps of being a rookie sailor.

New to sailing? Let us help you master the basics with these handy sailing tipsand instructions for beginners. You can also read our sailboat buying guide and watch videos on sailing, plus compare sailboat brands to find the right one for you. 

  • Choose calm, uncrowded waters If you’re just starting to master sailing basics and learn how to sail, then one of the most important beginner sailing tips to remember is to practice in ideal conditions of light winds and low traffic. 
  • Choose a small boat to learn how to sail It’s easier to learn how to sail with fewer lines and sails.
  • Begin on a boat rigged with one sail Similar to the above, beginning on a boat that’s rigged with just one sail will make learning sailing basics easier and less complicated. 
  • Follow sailing basics for safety Your marine parts depot experts feel that there are certain sailing basics for safe boating that should go without saying, no matter what your level of expertise.

Go to http://raritaneng.com/catagory-pages/replacement-parts/ and see how you can find more information as well as get assistance on marine parts depot and on how to avoid mistakes as a rookie sailor at Raritan Engineering.

  • Research tide, wind and weather conditions. Check the weather forecast so you can be prepared for whatever the weather might bring. Be sure to bring along adequate provisions, clothing and basic weather gear as needed.
  • Become familiar with sail control The best sailors are the ones who are able to adjust sail settings to take the best advantage of different wind and water conditions. 
  • Capsize on purpose. This may seem like one of the oddest beginner sailing tips we could suggest, but it’s better to practice how to handle a capsized sailboat within a controlled environment, as opposed to an uncontrolled one.
  • Respect the boom Some of the most common sailing injuries are a result of not being aware when the boom is about to swing. One of the most important beginner sailing tips to always remember for both passengers and crew is to be conscious and respectful of the boom at all times. 
  • Learn basic sailing terms. Before you venture out on your first trip, be sure to acquaint yourself with basic sailing terms. 
  • Practice makes perfect. Don’t try to teach yourself all the sailing basics. Invest in a good sailing course, research guides and books, and learn from friends with experience.

So don’t forget these helpful tips on how to avoid early mistakes as a rookie sailor. 1) Choose calm, uncrowded waters;  2) choose a small boat;  3) begin on a boat rigged with one sail;  and 4) respect the boom.

Click here and see how Raritan Engineering has more information on marine parts depot.

via Beginner Sailing Tips

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Marine Sanitation Device Professional Helps You Make Your “Five Year Plan”

Raritan Engineering Company your marine sanitation device specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding making “living multi-year on a boat” plan.

Your marine sanitation device professionals know that many people who decide that they are going to do some longer term cruising will work with a “five year plan”. We have a dock neighbour who admits to being in the fifteenth year of his five-year plan. Somehow, we have seemed to skip one phase in all of this – and that would be some of the planning.

I’ve known for a while that I wanted to try life on a boat, whereas Ken had always figured he would be a “dirt person” and a recreational sailor. Your marine sanitation device for sale experts know that there was certainly very little thought about long term, serious cruising.

Personal issues took precedence initially, but the realization that we weren’t getting younger pushed us to start the research phase of the project. We agreed that we would first live on the boat while continuing to work in Toronto for a while to save money – no point in paying apartment rent and making boat payments at the same time.

Your boat cleaning products professionals know that the next step was to find one in good shape that we could afford. The Internet is a wonderful way to look for boats, as is talking to brokers. Well, I may make it sound more democratic than it was – I woke Ken up one morning while we were on vacation with the news that I had rented a car and made an appointment that day to look at a boat which was 160 km away on Georgian Bay.

You can find more information as well as get assistance on boat cleaning products and making your “living multi-year on a boat” plan at Raritan Engineering.

Sailing and Living on a Boat – Suggestions From Marine Sanitation Device Professionals

We met one Niagara owner, who graciously invited us aboard. He and his boat had done some serious ocean cruising, and it had all of the nautical toys including wind vane steering.

We looked at another Niagara 35, and the skipper was aboard with his family. Your marine sanitation & supply professionals feel that after chatting for a while, we admitted that we were actively interested in purchasing that exact Niagara model. “Our boat” surveyed well! The engine space and bilges were described as clean enough in which to eat.

Hmm, part one down. With no small amount of effort, we got our boat financing as well. We arranged to close the deal on September 1 – coincidently Ken’s birthday (that gift will never be bettered!). Our landlady had been given notice for our apartment for October 1, so we had a little bit of time to get things organized.

We had to empty our whole apartment! Many cruisers choose to store furniture and keepsakes in rented storage lockers. We sold much of the furniture to a relative, and so that was made easier. The rest of the “stuff” that we didn’t want to keep was sold in a garage sale or returned to immediate family.

Ken and I took a long hard look at our wardrobes. We halved our clothing supplies, and then halved them again. Some seasonal and formal clothing is stored a cupboard in my office at work. Raritan marine sanitation experts know that everything else is on board. He still has 5 heavy toolboxes full of tools, and 3 boxes of ham radio gear.

For Ken and I, our defining moment of first becoming liveaboards began with the comprehension that we had just disposed of the complete contents of the apartment, and that our furniture was on its’ way out of town.

There was only one final decision to be made that night; we could move immediately onto our new boat, or spend an uncomfortable night on a bare apartment floor.

So don’t forget these helpful pointers on how to make your “living multi-year on a boat” plan. 1) You must not take a journey like this lightly….planning is needed;  2) you definitely need a sturdy and reliable boat for the journey;  and 3) make sure to have all of the spare parts and tools needed just in case a problem arises.

Raritan Engineering has more information on marine sanitation device, boat cleaning products, marine holding tanks, and on how to make your “living multi-year on a boat” plan.

via The Liveaboard Life – The 5 year plan

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Marine Sanitation Device Specialists Encourages Safe Boating

Raritan Engineering Company your marine sanitation device experts would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding safe boating tips.

Your marine sanitation device professionals know that you’ve intended to sign up for the United States Power Squadrons safe-boating course for a while now, but the kids’ soccer practice always conflicts with the dates.

You left the dock well before dawn on an offshore trip to fish the Canyons. Your boat’s radar is working properly, but according to rule 6, Safe Speed, a vessel must be operated at a safe speed to avoid collision, with the operator taking into account visibility, traffic density, stopping distance, background lights, sea conditions, navigational hazards and the boat’s draft.

Your marine sanitation device experts know that to get to your favorite bay, you have to run a lengthy well-marked channel. As you do, another boat approaches rapidly from the opposite direction. In this event, you should refer to rule 14, which states that two power-driven boats meeting on reciprocal courses with a risk of collision shall each alter course to starboard to pass on the port side of the other.

Go to http://raritaneng.com/catagory-pages/sanitation-accessories/ and see how you can find more information as well as get assistance on marine sanitation device and on safe boating tips at Raritan Engineering.

You are sharking at night, anchored, when you see a larger vessel making way, approaching well off your port side. You can clearly see a red all-round light on top and a lower white light in a vertical line, another white light in the direction of outlying gear, sidelights and a stern light. This means the vessel is a fishing boat engaged in fishing other than trawling.

While kingfishing in the Gulf of Mexico around some oil rigs, you spot a nearby commercial boat barely moving. Under Rule 3, General Definitions, any of the following conditions would qualify a vessel as restricted in maneuverability: It is engaged in laying, servicing or picking up a pipeline; it is engaged in dredging, surveying or underwater operations; it is engaged in replenishment or transferring people, provisions or cargo.

One of the engines on your twinoutboard center console overheated, and you are idling back to the marina. As you transit the narrow channel of a coastal river, a commercial vessel comes up behind you and sounds two prolonged blasts of the horn, followed by two short blasts. This signals its intention to overtake you on your port side.

Running to your favorite redfish hole involves crossing a congested bay with several marinas. In this situation you are required to avoid an anchored freighter with no one aboard and a sailboat underway.

So don’t forget these situations to be aware of when maintaining safe boating. 1) You left the dock well before dawn on an offshore trip to fish the Canyons. Your boat’s radar is working properly, but according to rule 6, Safe Speed, a vessel must be operated at a safe speed to avoid collision, with the operator taking into account visibility, traffic density, stopping distance, background lights, sea conditions, navigational hazards and the boat’s draft;  and 2) during a sailfish tournament, you are trolling off Miami’s government cut when a commercial freighter comes into view, heading toward your boat on an apparent collision course. In this instance, the vessel to starboard has the right of way.

Click here and see how Raritan Engineering has more information on marine sanitation device and on how to maintain safe boating.

via Rules of the Road

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Boat Water Heater Professional Gives Advice on Staying Safe in Life-Threatening Situations

Raritan Engineering Company your boat water heater specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding how to protect your boat from lightning strikes.

Your boat water heater experts know that this spring seems to have brought the most extreme weather in history. With heavy thunderstorms you will often find lightning. Lightning on the water can bring life-threatening circumstances.

Even though the odds are in your favor that your boat may never be hit by lightning, if it happens it can have devastating effects. Boat water heater installation experts say, don’t take a chance, protect yourself. If you are in a small boat and close to shore when a thunderstorm approaches, get in and off the water immediately. Better yet, don’t go out if thunderstorms are predicted.

Your marine hardware professionals know that the voltages involved in lightning are so high that even materials that would normally be considered non-conductive become conductors, including the human body.

You can find more information as well as get assistance on marine hardware and on how to protect your boat from lightning at Raritan Engineering.

Several marine water heaters for boats analysts agree that the voltages are so massive that if they start to travel through a boat’s structure – say through its mast – then meet with high resistance (for instance, the hull skin) the current discharge, in its attempt to reach ground, may simply blow a hole in the non-conductive barrier.

Boat Water Heater Expert Explains Further Lightning Protection

In theory, a lightning protection system is used to create what is know as a “Faraday’s cage,” so called after the late nineteenth-century scientist Michael Faraday. The principle of a Faraday’s cage is to provide a surrounding, well-grounded, metal structure, in which all of parts are bonded together and carry the same electrical potential.

So how does a lightning protection system work? In a boat, the “cage” is formed by bonding together, with heavy conductors, the vessel’s mast and all other major metal masses. A marine electrician must tie in the engines, stoves, air conditioning compressors, railings, arches etc. with a low resistance wire which would ultimately provide a conductive path to ground (the water) usually via the engine and propeller shaft, keel bolts, or better yet, a separate external ground plate at least 1 square foot in dimension.

Boat water heater connectors specialists know that this means that if the aluminum mast of the average sailing vessel is properly bonded to the vessel’s other major metal masses and is given a direct, low-resistance conductive path to ground, the entire boat should fall within the protected zone.

So don’t forget these helpful pointers on how to protect your boat from lightning strikes. 1) If you are in a small boat and close to shore when a thunderstorm approaches, get in and off the water immediately;  2) an even better tip, don’t go out if thunderstorms are predicted;  and 3) put forth the time and effort into making your lightning proof system. It will be worth the effort.

Raritan Engineering has more information on boat water heater, marine hardware, marine water heater, and on how to keep your boat lightning proof.

via Cone of Protection from Lightning – Faraday’s Cage

Why Install a Marine Electric Toilet on Your Pleasure Boat

Let the best electric toilets decorate your boat as they are loaded with multiple features. The electric toilets have various advantages which make them even more attractive. These toilets exhaust less amount of water which is an effective way of conserving the rapidly depleting resource. Also, low water usage does not decrease the efficiency with which the materials are flushed. These electric toilets do not consume much power and also produce less noise. Certain toilets are even outfitted with a solar panel for power saving functionality. Besides having these qualities, the toilets are very much user friendly and can be maintained pretty easily. The most important characteristic of electric toilets is that it furnishes service for many years, that too in difficult circumstances.

The electric marine toilets permit the water to get stored in the bowl. These toilets also help in the development of a water seal which prevents odors from entering the main compartment through pipes and storage tanks. If consuming less fresh water is the objective, then these toilets are of great benefit. While on board, marine water can be utilized for flushing thus helping in the storage of fresh water. The electric toilets for boats have been aided with such functionality so as to conserve fresh water. Such a feature permits the consumption of fresh water only when there is abundance of it such as in the dock. The boats offer both the options to the user to either utilize natural or marine water for flushing purposes. However, the advantage of using fresh water is that it helps in retaining the odor of aquatic organic composites.

Electric Toilet Protect Our Environment

The electric marine toilets have been have been manufactured in such a way that they abide by the regulations set up in order to protect our environment. These toilets come with customer services for help and other enquiries. The users may take assistance for the products as long as they are functional. Customers can seek help of our technical staffs as well. They can easily be contacted without any difficulty. The products can be requested online and are generally shipped within a day or two. Benefits of Installing Marine Electric Toilets on your Pleasure Boat Part 2 will be posted soon…be sure to watch out for it!

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Picture credit: https://twitter.com/odorfree

It really IS possible to have a completely odor-free system!

You’ve probably read or heard, over and over again, that the key to odor control is the “right” hose, that the “wrong” hose permeates with sewage and causes the system to stink.  That’s folklore…a little truth coupled with a lot of misunderstanding.  The real key to odor control is in knowing how to incorporate proven sewage management principles—the same ones used in composting and sewage treatment—into the installation of the entire system.  What very few people in the marine industry have learned, and why there is so much folklore about odor, is the very nature of sewage itself and how it breaks down, what creates odor and what prevents odor from forming.  Once we understood these principles and learned how to apply them to onboard systems, we were able to install systems that are completely odor-free and correct the ones that weren’t.  Once you understand it—and it’s so simple!—you can do the same thing.

Marine Holding Tank Odor Solutions

There are two ways to deal with marine holding tank odor: try to reduce it, mask it and contain it after it’s formed, by using chemicals and filters—which has never proven very successful…or prevent odor from forming in the first place.

Sewage contains both aerobic (needs oxygen) and anaerobic bacteria (functions in an airless environment); neither can function in the other’s environment.  Why is that important?  Because  only the anaerobic bacteria in sewage  produce foul-smelling gasses!  Aerobic bacteria break sewage down, as does anaerobic bacteria—but aerobic bacteria do not generate odor.  So as long as there is a sufficient supply of air to the tank and an aerobic bacteria treatment is added to aid that which naturally occurs in sewage, the aerobic bacteria thrive and overpower the anaerobic bacteria and the system remains odor free.

A bio-active (Iive aerobic bacteria) holding tank treatment, such as our own “K.O.”, works with the aerobic bacteria in sewage, eliminating odor, completely emulsifying solids and paper and preventing sludge from forming.  Enzymes do little if anything—a brief respite from odor immediately after adding them, then odor begins to build again.  Chemical products mask odor with another odor and they kill not only odor-causing anaerobic bacteria, but beneficial aerobic bacteria as well—not good, because the aerobic bacteria are needed in the system to break down and emulsify solids and paper.  Otherwise, they only break UP and dissolve them into little tiny particles that settle to the bottom of the tank, along with chemical residue, to become sludge that turns to concrete.  Chemicals, unlike bio-active products, are also unwelcome in landside sewage treatment facilities and are especially unappreciated by those living and working near them!

The bacteria in sewage produce a variety of sulfur monoxides and dioxides (which are the malodorous gasses), methane—which has no odor but is flammable—and carbon dioxide, which also has no odor but creates the environment in which the aerobic bacteria cannot function but allows the anaerobic bacteria to thrive.  Carbon dioxide does not rise or fall, it is ambient—like the atmosphere, but heavier than air.  Without a sufficient flow of fresh air through the tank to allow it to dissipate, it simply lies like a blanket on top of any pool of sewage (whether inside hose or a holding tank) and builds, suffocating the aerobic bacteria and creating the perfect environment for the anaerobic bacteria to take over.  The system literally “turns septic” and the result: a stinking boat…or at least foul gasses out the vent line every time the head is flushed.

Importance of Discharge Hoses in Marine Holding Tanks

To prevent this, let’s start with the head:  the discharge hose, no matter whether it goes overboard, to a Type I or II MSD, or to a holding tank, should be installed, if at all possible, with no sags or low places where sewage can stand. When a marine head is not flushed sufficiently to clear the hose of sewage and rinse the hose behind the sewage, that sewage sits in low spots in the hose or bits of it cling to the walls of the hose—getting no air, allowing the anaerobic bacteria to thrive and produce their stinking gasses.  If sewage stands in a low spot which gets no air in hose which is susceptible to a high rate of water absorption, it will permeate the hose.  This is what has given rise to the myth that the “wrong” hose causes odor. Therefore, it’s important to flush your head thoroughly enough to clear the entire hose of sewage and rinse behind it.  And when you leave your boat to go home, flush the head thoroughly one last time, this time with fresh water.  Until marine holding tanks came along, the hose was the source of most odor, but incomplete flushing was the real cause.

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Marine Toilet Expert Has the Answer to Minimize Running Aground

Raritan Engineering Company your marine toilet specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding why it is so important not to panic if you run aground. 

Running Aground

Your marine toilet expert knows that despite all efforts to stay off shoals, beaches, or rocks, groundings do happen. It is said that there are only three kinds of skippers, those who have run aground, those who will run aground, and those that have but won’t admit it.

Immediate Actions

First, Raritan marine toilet experts say that here is what you should not do when you run aground. Unless you are absolutely sure that it is a small shoal with deeper water ahead, do not apply power and try to push your way across, you will only put yourself harder aground.

Your boat toilets expert knows that instead, take time to assess the situation. Is any water coming into the hull? Where exactly are you? How did you get there? Where might deeper water lie? What is the state of the tide?

You can find more information as well as get assistance on boat toilets and on how not to panic if you run aground at Raritan Engineering.

Marine Toilet Professional Continues Discussion on Building Your Situation Assessment Skills

Possibly the best marine toilet expert says, let’s assume that you are lucky and that the tide is rising and that the increased depths will be enough to float you free. Although you might get off sooner if another vessel pulled, letting the tide float you off is less stressful on your hull and your crew.

If you are less lucky, and the tide is falling, quickly assess the situation and the possibility of refloating the boat before the tide goes down further. If this is not possible, determine how far it will go down.

Getting Off

If you are only lightly stranded, you may be able to get off without assistance. First, determine where deeper water lies, this may or may not be the direction from which you came.

You might also place some heavy gear in a dinghy. Marine porta potty specialist, says that on a sailboat, you can try reducing draft by taking a halyard out to one side, attaching it to an anchor or another boat, and pulling. Yet another maneuver is to put out an anchor in the direction in which you wish to move.

If a pull is made, keep all persons away from the line and beyond the ends of the line in both directions. Various types of lines stretch to different degrees, but all stretch enough to act as slingshots if they break or if fittings pull out.

Even if the other boat cannot pull to get you off, she may help by running back and forth and making as large a wake as possible. The waves formed in this wake may lift your boat enough to get her off.

I would encourage any boater to join one of the commercial towing organizations. However, you should check with other boaters in your area for recommendations as to which one to join.

So don’t forget these helpful pointers to avoid panicking if you run aground. 1) Do not apply power and try to push your way across;  2) assess your situation and find out exactly where you are;  and 3) determine where deeper water lies and see where you might have came from.

Raritan Engineering has more information on marine toilet, boat toilets, macerating toilet, and on how not to panic if you run aground.

via Running Aground

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Marine Hardware Expert Says Don’t Get Rid of Your Compass Yet

Raritan Engineering Company your marine hardware specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding how to boost your compass skills.

Your marine hardware experts say let’s begin with a piece of advice: Don’t cast your compass to Neptune-it’s not dead yet! Of all the navigational tools and instruments employed on boats, the compass is still the single most valuable. Its sole moving part is governed by a fundamental physical force of Earth itself.

Why, in this world of GPS and other networked marvels, is that so important? Isn’t it enough to know where the boat’s going, and isn’t that the same thing?

Well, no. Where the boat’s pointed and where it’s going aren’t always the same. In fact, they rarely are. A current will cause a boat to move over the ground in a direction different from that in which the boat is pointed.

Let’s take our compass away for a moment and steer the boat toward a GPS waypoint by matching course over the ground (COG) to the bearing to the waypoint. We’re doing well, and the track on the plotter shows our course as a straight line with the waypoint dead ahead.

If we’d had our compass, we’d have known, from the bearing information provided by the GPS, where exactly to look for the mark, and we wouldn’t now be facing a charge of damaging government property.

No matter what vehicle we’re steering, a fixed reference of some kind is an essential aid to pointing it in the desired direction.

Your marine hardware specialists know that while the compass can’t tell us where we’re going, it can tell us what direction we’re steering, which makes it unique. And far from being made redundant by electronic devices, the compass adds to their value. For example, by comparing COG from our GPS to the course steered by the compass, we can detect the presence of a crosscurrent.

Go to http://www.raritaneng.com and see how you can find more information as well as get assistance on marine hardware and on improving your compass using skills at Raritan Engineering.

Adjusting the Compass
A magnetic compass, as long as it’s in good physical order, will always point in accordance to the magnetic field surrounding it. If that field was the Earth’s alone, it would be utterly reliable, but the compass isn’t monogamous, and it’s easily led astray. Onboard magnetic influences-such as those created in some electrical devices and by iron-cause a compass to point askew from magnetic north, an error called deviation.

A professional compass adjustor will “swing” the compass by checking it against known references, such as a proven range or ranges on structures or geographic features. Once on the range, he’ll have the boat slowly motor along the cardinal directions-north, south, east, and west-as indicated by the boat’s compass while he reads the bearing on the range with a pelorus.

Posted at the navigation station, the deviation card allows the navigator to convert a course laid on a chart to a course to steer. Conversely, it allows him to correct a bearing taken by the ship’s compass on a landmark to a magnetic bearing.

Once the ship’s principal compass has been swung and adjusted, have the adjustor also swing and make up a deviation card for any other compass that might be used for navigation, including the one that supplies heading data to the autopilot.

Deviation by GPS

Prior to the widespread use of GPS, you took compass bearings off recognized features in the landscape and plotted them on a chart to figure out where you were.

Because your GPS knows where it is, it can also calculate where it is in relation to any other location in terms of range (distance off) and bearing.

Create a waypoint in your GPS with the coordinates of an accurately charted and identifiable feature, say a lighthouse. Set the waypoint as your destination and steer toward it. The farther you are from the waypoint the better, but a couple of miles provides sufficient accuracy.

Some sailboats and a good many powerboats have two helm stations, each with a compass. Only one of these can be the master compass, so you have to designate one. On a sailboat, this would probably be the one you use when motoring.

Another issue is parallax. This arises when a boat’s steering station is off-center or, on a sailboat, when you steer from the side of the cockpit. If you’re standing behind the starboard helm station and looking over the bow, you’re not sighting down the boat’s centerline. If you aim the bow toward a mark, the boat won’t be heading toward that mark.

So don’t forget these helpful points on how to improve the use of your compass. 1) Keep in mind the movement of the current;  2) create a waypoint in your GPS;  and 3) keep in mind parallax.

Click here and see how Raritan Engineering has more information on marine hardware and on how to improve your compass skills.

via How to Use a Compass While Boating

Millville, NJ business Raritan Engineering is proud to announce that it has been given an exclusive distributorship by Tru-Design for the new load design ‘thru-hull’ plastic load bearing fitting. These fittings fully comply with ABYC H27 specifications, allowing the use of below the water line thru-hull fittings when fitted with a Tru-Design collar and ball valve. Further details can be seen athttp://www.raritaneng.com/product/ball-valves/.

“We are very happy to announce our exclusive distributorship of the Tru-Design thru-hull fittings,” says Kim Shinn from Raritan Engineering. “We fully believe in the quality of this product, which is compliant with all relevant legislation and intend to serve our customers even better than before.”

The Thru-Hull Fittings by Tru-Design are constructed using the most up-to-date high-impact composite materials. This means that they will last as long as the vessel will. As such, vessel owners won’t need to worry about this issue. Each element is created using glass-reinforced composite materials. As such, they are highly durable while remaining lightweight. Furthermore, the materials are resistant to corrosion and electrolysis. This means their lifespan is dramatically increased without compromising performance. It also does not require any external bonding system.

The fittings are fully chemical resistant, meaning they can handle anti-fouling paints, oils and diesel. Furthermore, they are fully UV resistant so that they don’t discolor or lose their integrity when exposed to ultraviolet radiation. Kim Shinn adds, “What sets the Tru-Design Thru-Hulls apart from their bronze counterparts is that they have a high quality surface finish. As such, there are no discoloration issues as you would see with a green film. Plus, they can be painted using any kind of anti-fouling paint without the need to first grind and then clean the flaked paint. Rather, it can be applied straight away on anything within a marine environment of between -4 and 230 degrees F. These include all hull types such as aluminum, wood, steel or GRP.”

As can be seen on http://www.raritaneng.com/, Raritan now stocks the full range of Thru-Hull fittings. They come in sizes ranges from half an inch to two inches. Furthermore, customers can choose tail, recessed or threaded models. Each item is suitable for waste treatment, as shown on http://www.raritaneng.com/catagory-pages/waste-treatment/, as they comply fully with the necessary ABYC H27 specifications.

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Marine Toilet Analysts Show How to Maneuver at Night

Raritan Engineering Company your marine toilet specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding how to maneuver your boat safely at night.
 
Your marine toilet experts know that once darkness creeps across the water as the glow of the sun fades below the western horizon.

Yet, nighttime navigators need not bite their nails. With the right equipment and decent weather, a night cruise can be safe, enjoyable, adventurous and even romantic.

Fortunately, there are more tools than ever to enhance or supplant our vision when navigating at night. GPS/chart plotters, detailed electronic cartography, advanced radar, thermal imaging, night-vision scopes and spotlights not only increase the safety factor but also inspire enough confidence to enjoy boating after dark.

Slow and Easy

The first rule of night boating is to slow down, no matter what high-tech navigation equipment you have on board. Even on a moonlit evening, you just can’t see as well as during the day.

Your marine toilet experts say that the best speed on any given night depends on visibility. During a full moon, you might feel comfortable running the boat a bit faster than you would on a night when everything fades to black.

Go to http://raritaneng.com/catagory-pages/choosing-your-marine-toilet/ and see how you can find more information as well as get assistance on marine toilet and on how to maneuver your boat at night at Raritan Engineering.

Mood Lighting

Onboard lighting is a tricky thing when navigating at night. You need backlighting to see your instruments and electronics, and an overhead light to read a chart.

Yet once your eyes have acclimated to the dark, too much onboard light can destroy your night vision. Once this occurs, your eyes will need to readjust:

With this in mind, most marine electronics allow you to adjust the brightness of the backlighting, and many units also have a “night mode” with a darker background to keep illumination levels to a minimum.

When it comes to instrument illumination, red is the best color since it doesn’t desensitize the rods. Most newer instruments are equipped with dimmers to adjust the intensity of backlighting and preserve night vision. If yours isn’t, a dimmer switch can be wired in for control.

Wherefore Art Thou?

Should your date paraphrase the classic Shakespearean question “Wherefore art thou, captain?” you should be able to point to your GPS/chart plotter and answer “right here.”

Thanks to detailed electronic cartography from C-Map (c-map.com), Navionics (navionics.com) and others, today’s chart plotters show a lot more than just your present position.

“You set a minimum draft such as six feet and set a look-ahead distance such as a quarter-mile,” says C-Map’s Ken Cirillo. “Then the plotter looks at all possible obstructions, as well as shoals, in a searchlight pattern and alerts you to danger.”

Of course, a depth sounder is also important for confirming the water depth. Whether cruising at night or during the day, you should not rely solely on the electronic chart, particularly if the chart has not been updated recently.

Radar Love

Seeing everything that’s around you at night makes you feel more confident while cruising, and that’s just what radar (radio detection and ranging) is: your sight when your eyes are blind.It shows you what’s out there and tells you how far away it is.

While a chart plotter shows fixed objects, radar can show you just about everything above the water’s surface, including other boats. Traditionally, radar loses effectiveness at very close range due to a phenomenon called “main bang,” which results in a blob in the middle of the screen that obscures targets close to the boat.

Most multifunction displays, such as the Furuno NavNet system, can also be configured to “overlay” the radar readings on an electronic chart display.

Light Up the Night

Boats don’t have brakes. Know what? They don’t have headlights either. And with good reason. In open water, the light reflecting off waves and mist is often more blinding than beneficial at night.

However, there are occasions when a searchlight or spotlight is handy, particularly if you are trying to locate or identify a nearby object such as an unlit boat, buoy, shoreline or jetty.

Fixed-mounts are nice on bigger boats, while handhelds lend themselves to smaller boats. Whichever you choose, try to use the light sparingly and briefly, particularly if there are other boaters in the immediate vicinity.

Docking lights are another option, usually flush-mounted just below the rub rail on both sides of the bow. Yet, they are designed for use only in close-quarters situations such as when pulling into a slip at night.

Scope Things Out

You can also buy night vision — a technology that amplifies light through a scope. This lets you see as if it were daytime, though everything’s cast in green.

An affordable night-vision device is the NVD mini scope from Minox (minox.com, $299). Measuring just 5½ inches long and 2 inches in diameter, this rechargeable scope not only amplifies available light, but also beams infrared light.

Learn the Lights

The U.S. Coast Guard has long-established light display standards for nighttime navigation, and these apply to both vessels and navaids such as channel markers.

If you do much night boating, knowing the meaning of lights is essential and might save your boat and your life. For example, you see two vessels in the distance and they’re a few hundred yards apart. So to save time, you think about cutting between the two.

Eyes and Ears

In the end, the most valuable navigation tool is a sharp eye. And the more, the better when darkness falls. There should be two pairs of eyes (and ears, since sound travels well on the water) on the bridge at night.

Also, with two lookouts, it is less likely that either will fall asleep on the bridge. This is a real issue, particularly on long night passages while using autopilot and sitting in a comfortable helm chair.

Having that someone special on the bridge at night might keep you from falling asleep, but it can distract from maintaining a lookout..

So don’t forget these helpful pointers on how to maneuver your boat at night. 1) Take it slow and easy;  2) proper lighting;  3) scope things out and 4) use your eyes and ears.

Click here and see how Raritan Engineering has more information on marine toilet and how to maneuver your boat at night.

via Navigating at Night