Your TruDesign Professionals Ideas About the Benefits of Radio Navigation

Raritan Engineering your TruDesign distributors would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding the possible return of radio navigation.

Your TruDesign suppliers talks about how way back in the 1980s, when I was a young naval officer, the Global Positioning System (GPS) was still in its experimental stage. 

Using a global network of terrestrial radio beacons, Loran-C gave navigators aboard ships and aircraft the ability to get a fix on their location within a few hundred feet by using the difference in the timing of two or more beacon signals.

An evolution of World War II technology (LORAN was an acronym for long-range navigation), Loran-C was considered obsolete by many once GPS was widely available.

The trial of an enhanced Loran service called eLoran that was accurate within 20 meters (65 feet) also wrapped up during this time.

Over the past few years, the US Coast Guard has reported multiple episodes of GPS jamming at non-US ports, including an incident reported to the Coast Guard’s Navigation Center this June that occurred on the Black Sea. 

And in the event of a war, it’s possible that an adversary could take out GPS satellites with anti-satellite weapons or some sort of cyber-attack on a satellite network.

Your TruDesign Specialists Give Further Information About the Usefulness of Navigating By Radio

We are proud to be your TruDesign supplier. Remember to always come to us here at Raritan Engineering, where we always take care of your marine sanitation supply needs.

The risk to GPS has caused a number of countries to take a second look at terrestrial radio navigation. Today there’s broad support worldwide for a new radio navigation network based on more modern technology—and the system taking the early lead for that role is eLoran. 

Diff-e-q

The eLoran system gets its enhanced accuracy in much the same way that enhanced GPS gear squeezes greater accuracy out of the civil GPS signal for tasks such as surveying and mapping—by using differential correction. 

Because it uses low-frequency radio waves (in the 90 to 110 kHz range), it’s not likely that you’ll see eLoran integrated into your smartphone. 

“[eLoran] is a deterrent to deliberate jamming or spoofing, since such hostile activities can be rendered ineffective,” said Brad Parkinson, the retired US Air Force colonel who managed the original GPS development program, according to Reuters. 

And the South Korean government already has pushed forward plans to have three active eLoran beacons by 2019—that’s enough to provide accurate fixes for all shipping in the region should North Korea (or anyone else) attempt to block GPS again.

Boating After Dark? Here Are The Rules For Navigation Lights In Missouri | Boating

Turn on your navigation lights at sunset! That’s the reminder the Missouri State Patrol is issuing to boaters.

Troopers on Lake of the Ozarks have reported several encounters with vessels failing to properly display navigation lights since Memorial Day weekend.  

The required navigation lights differ depending on the type and size of your vessel. State law requires boat operators to display the required navigation lights between sunset and sunrise.

There are various combinations of lights which meet the requirements by state law. 

Navigation on the water at night is unique, and the Patrol points out that lights are imperative to prevent boat accidents. Light requirements are designed so other boaters are able to see one another and determine the direction they are traveling, but navigation lights will not necessarily help a boater see better at night. 

“If you will be out on the water after dark, check your navigation lights before you leave the dock or ramp,” Captain Turner reminded. “When boaters understand and obey the law, and vessels are in good operating order, everyone’s experience on the water becomes safer. 

Remember to order your TruDesign parts here at Raritan Engineering, We are your #1 expert in marine sanitation supply needs.

via Boating After Dark? Here Are The Rules For Navigation Lights In Missouri

via Bringing Back Radio Navigation

Photo courtesy Mahina Expeditions, www.mahina.com

Your Boat Cleaning Products Distributors Talk About the Best Way to Avoid Hitting Coral Reefs

Raritan Engineering your boat cleaning products experts would like to share with you this week some great pointers on how to easily navigate around coral reefs.

For the average cruiser, the half-day passages pose a special challenge. The temptation is to leave early and knock out all the miles in daylight, but as the crew races against time, exhaustion can set in and the bad decisions multiply. 

The crew of Tanda Mailaika, a family of six whose 46-foot Leopard catamaran was lost on a reef on the southwest corner of Huahine in French Polynesia last month, learned this lesson the hard way. 

The first error Govatos made was in planning the 80-nautical mile passage between Moorea and the anchorage Huahine. Anticipating the forecast winds of 20 knots from astern for most of the passage, he estimated about 10 hours for the passage, an average speed of 9-10 knots putting their arrival at 4 p.m., with plenty of light to enter Huahine’s reef pass.

Your Boat Cleaning Products Specialists Discuss How Coral Reef Protection Isn’t Difficult

Lessons: Your boat cleaning products professionals talk about how to be extremely conservative when estimating speeds for a passage. It is much better to err on the slow side. You can almost always slow down or even heave-to, but it is much harder or impossible to make up for lost time. Likewise, allow a healthy margin for error in weather forecasts, particular in areas where meteorological data is spotty.

As Gavatos relates, he saw the sounder indicate 85 feet and then decrease intermittently from there. At first, he assumed the sounder was incorrect—that some anomaly was creating a false reading (as had happened before).

Lessons: When navigating coral reefs at night, ¼ mile is cutting it too close. If you absolutely must hug the reef, you’ll want multiple navigation sources to confirm your position—your own senses being among them. Closed cockpits on big cats can take your senses out of action, a potential handicap when navigating near hazards. 

Coral Reefs Could Be Gone in 30 Years

The world’s coral reefs, from the Great Barrier Reef off Australia to the Seychelles off East Africa, are in grave danger of dying out completely by mid-century unless carbon emissions are reduced enough to slow ocean warming, a new UNESCO study says.

And consequences could be severe for millions of people.

The decline of coral reefs has been well documented, reef by reef. But the new study is the first global examination of the vulnerability of the entire planet’s reef systems, and it paints an especially grim picture. 

Mass Bleachings 

By 2100, most reef systems will die, unless carbon emissions are reduced. Many others will be gone even sooner. “Warming is projected to exceed the ability of reefs to survive within one to three decades for the majority of the World Heritage sites containing corals reefs,” the report says. (UN announces new biosphere reserves, while U.S. removes some.)

Reefs, often referred to as the rainforests of the oceans, occupy less than one percent of the ocean floor, but provide habitat for a million species, including a fourth of the world’s fish. They also protect coastlines against erosion from tropical storms and act as a barrier to sea-level rise.

The consequences are already being felt by some people, and will quickly grow more severe, says Eakin’s NOAA colleague and co-author Scott F. Heron. Low-lying islands such as Kiribati, a string of 33 coral atolls in the central Pacific Ocean, already see saltwater inundating freshwater drinking sources. 

“If what the models projected back then has started to come true, even with all of their issues, then we should have good faith in the science of the current projections,” Heron says. “And those projections say if we don’t act there will be many, many serious impacts.”

Time to Act

“When someone needs help, the overwhelming majority of us will stretch ourselves to help out—it’s a human trait. It’s what makes us people,” Heron adds. “That the people most impacted by these changes are not necessarily people we encounter in our day-to-day lives does not remove our responsibility to help them.”

Learn more from Raritan Engineering about finding the best boat cleaning products for you.

via Coral Reefs Could Be Gone in 30 Years

via Navigating Among Coral Islands

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Marine Holding Tanks Professionals at Raritan Discuss How to Get Your Crew in Top Shape

Raritan Engineering your marine holding tanks specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding tips for successful everyday sailing.

Your marine holding tanks distributors continue talking about how we reached out to a mix of successful sailors to find out what they want the other crew members to keep in mind to help them execute their job the best they can. Here’s what they had to say:

Bow:

The race is not over until the spinnaker comes down. It is easy to switch to recovery mode right after crossing the finish line, but this can be costly with a messy takedown, ripped or wet sail. To go along with this, after races finish send the jib bag up before the food bag! It’s frustrating for the bow when I’m are ready to flake the jib and everybody is eating.

Pit:

Be mindful of where things are thrown. For example: a jib change on the run, I may not be the one putting the old jib or bag down below, so I ask teammates to be mindful of the flaked kite halyard. I flake it once and then spend the rest of my run focusing on weight placement, pole position, finding the leeward marks and it becomes time consuming to have my head in the boat for longer than necessary.

Driver:

I love it when new crew get onboard, listen to the race conversation and offer input where it might be lacking or where he/she can contribute value. For example, if no one is calling breeze on the rail, it’s great to have a crew take the initiative to make very concise and valuable breeze calls (Puff on in 3, 2, 1….)

Visit us at Raritan Engineering and browse through our holding tank options, and see how we always take care of your marine sanitation supply needs.

Boat Captain:

Ask questions at the right time. I love when people want to learn and be involved with how the boat comes together, but choose a time when not much else is going on, probably not when I’ve just sat down to service a winch. 

Third Boy Scout dies after electric shock in sailing accident

Three Texas Boy Scouts were reportedly electrocuted in a fatal boating accident Aug. 5 on Lake O’The Pines in East Texas. (Elyse Samuels/The Washington Post)

An 11-year-old Boy Scout died Monday from injuries he suffered in a Saturday boating accident, two days after two fellow Scouts died of electrocution at the scene, a state official said Monday.

The two other boys, who were Eagle Scouts, were 18 and 16, according to the parks agency. Their names have not been released.

Boy Scout officials are asking Scouts to show support during Thomas’s organ donation procedure Tuesday at Louisiana State University’s Shreveport medical center, where he was taken for care and later died. 

“We have to come together as a Scout family and make sure we are supporting those who are carrying quite a weight right now,” Anderson said.

More than 300 people gathered at a park in Hallsville on Sunday night for a vigil honoring Thomas and the Eagle Scouts. It was mostly a collection of other area troops, Anderson said.

“You’re talking about great young men, men of integrity,” Sherri Morgan, Hallsville band director, said at the vigil, according to the News-Journal. “We’re heartbroken. We’re devastated.”

“All is not lost. They leave a legacy,” she added. “So they are going to live on forever.”

Kelly Weatherford, a longtime and close family friend of Thomas Larry’s parents, told The Post she spent Saturday night and Sunday morning in the hospital, waiting for news about an 11-year-old boy that she said was “the funniest, goofiest kid.”

“He’s a little comedian,” Weatherford said, speaking before Thomas’s death. “He makes everybody smile. He’s such a cool kid.”

Thomas’s older brother John was also on the lake when the catamaran caught fire. He watched as a medical crew worked on Thomas and took him away in an ambulance, Weatherford said.

She said the Larry boys were taught “to work hard and be responsible.”

The accident is being investigated by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department’s boating accident reconstruction and mapping team, officials said.

While they wait for answers to their questions, such as why the power line was so low or located over water at all, Troop 620 is drawing from its roots.

So purchase your marine items here with us at Raritan Engineering. We’re always taking care of your marine sanitation supply needs.

via Top Tips for Every Position Onboard

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Your Marine Sanitation Experts Share Important Reminders About How to Avoid Overfishing 

Raritan Engineering your marine sanitation specialists would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding the dangers of overfishing the shortfin mako shark. 

Your marine sanitation distributors give ideas regarding a new study reports that the mortality rate of shortfin mako sharks due to fishing in the western North Atlantic is higher than previously estimated from catch reports.

The report, published online at phys.org and done using satellite tracking by researchers from Nova Southeastern University’s Guy Harvey Research Institute (GHRI), the University of Rhode Island and more, suggests the species is experiencing overfishing.

The study shows 30 percent of the 40 satellite-tagged sharks were captured. After modelling the probability that a mako shark would survive a year without being captured — a 72 percent chance — and calculating the fishing mortality rates, researchers determined that the rate at which shortfin makos were being killed in fisheries was actually 10 times higher than previously believed.

The tracks of the tagged mako sharks, including the ones captured, can be viewed online on NSU’s GHRI shark tracking website.

The study used near-real-time tracking of mako sharks from satellite tags. Directly seeing how they were captured bypasses the dependency on anglers self-reporting the catches and details.

In the past, fishing was more sustainable because fishermen could not access every location and because they had a limited capacity for fish aboard their vessels. Today, however, small trawlers and fishing boats have been replaced by giant factory ships that can capture and process extremely large amounts of prey at a given time (2). These ships use sonar instruments and global positioning systems (GPS) to rapidly locate large schools of fish (1). 

Your Marine Sanitation Professionals Talk About Safe Fishing Options That Don’t Risk Endangering a Species

Marine sanitation is critical on your vessel, so visit us at Raritan Engineering to take care of your marine sanitation supply needs.

Fishing gear is often non-selective in the fish it targets. For example, any fish that are too big to get through the mesh of a net are captured. Therefore, overfishing does not only threaten the species of fish that is targeted for food, but also many non-target species. As a result, these other species, including marine mammals and seabirds, are accidentally caught in the fishing gear and killed (6). For example, for every ton of prawn caught, three tons of other fish are killed and thrown away. 

Today, the number of fish caught worldwide is actually shrinking as the fishing industry is in decline from many years of overfishing (2). The year 1988 was the first time in human history that global wild fish catches dropped and they have continued to fall ever since. 

As previously mentioned, shark populations have also been greatly affected by overfishing. There are already more than 135 species of shark on the IUCN’s list of endangered animals and more are being added each year. For example, the number of scalloped hammerhead shark has decreased by 99% over the past 30 years. 

A recent study found that overfishing is also decreasing the genetic diversity of fish worldwide. Diversity is projected to be reduced further if overfishing continues at the same rate (13). This has serious effects on nutrient recycling in marine ecosystems because fish species vary widely in their rates of nitrogen and phosphorus excretion. 

Given that fishing is a food source for millions of people, attempting to solve the problem of overfishing not easy, especially for developing countries. 

Australia to Expand Commercial Fishing in Marine Sanctuaries

Draft guidelines released on Friday propose increasing the total proportion of Australia’s marine reserves permitting commercial fishing from 64 to 80 per cent. If environment minister Josh Frydenberg’s proposal is approved, Australia will become the first country to wind back its ocean protection measures.

At the moment, 36 percent of Australian waters are classified as marine parks. These areas are closed to oil and gas exploration and restrict commercial fishing to defined zones where the environmental threat is considered low.

Under the proposed changes, one of the hardest-hit regions will be the Coral Sea marine park adjoining the Great Barrier Reef near Queensland. 

Industry vs the environment

Frydenberg is proposing cutting the no-fishing areas of the reserve by 53 per cent to “enable a continued Australian tuna fishing industry based out of northern Queensland”.

The type of tuna fishing that will be allowed – known as pelagic longline fishing – could harm other marine species, says Darren Kindleysides at the Australian Marine Conservation Society. 

The draft plan to expand commercial fishing is now open to public consultation and could be implemented as early as 2018. The government has also flagged that it is considering additional future cuts to marine park protections, including introducing “blue zones” to permit underwater oil and gas mining.

Don’t forget to buy sanitation equipment here at Raritan Engineering. We’re your #1 expert in marine sanitation supplies.

via Australia to expand commercial fishing in marine sanctuaries

via Shortfin Mako Shark Fishing Mortality Much Higher Than Thought

via The Threats of Overfishing: Consequences at the Commercial Level

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USCG Rescues People After Boat Sinks

Your Marine Hot Water Heaters Professionals Gives Praise to Hard Working U.S. Coast Guard Workers 

Raritan Engineering your marine hot water heaters distributors would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding the value of U.S. Coast Guard Personnel. 

Your marine hot water heaters suppliers talk about how the Coast Guard rescued three people from the water after their boat sank near Saint Andrews Pass, Florida, Monday.

Coast Guard Sector Mobile watchstanders received a report of a vessel sinking approximately 3 nautical miles east of Saint Andrews Pass at 11:21 a.m. Monday.

Watchstanders diverted a Coast Guard Station Panama City 24-foot Special Purpose Craft-Shallow Water boatcrew to the last known location of the sinking vessel.

Where You Can Serve?

If you choose to join their ranks, you may find yourself hanging from a helicopter to save a boater in the Atlantic, running down drug runners off the Florida Coast, or stopping polluters from ruining our inland lakes and waterways.

As a Coast Guardsmen, you could be flying in a helicopter over a hurricane disaster area or sailing on a cutter guarding New York Harbor. 

If you choose to become a reservist, you will usually serve close to home, however, you may get deployed when necessary. 

Your Marine Hot Water Heaters Specialists Talk About How to Avoid Life Threatening Situations While Out On the Water

Check out our marine water heaters selection here at Raritan Engineering. We are please to take care of all your marine sanitation supply needs.

Ready?

If you are READY to join a dedicated group of men and women who serve our nation by protecting its waterways and coastlines, then the Coast Guard wants to hear from you.

As a Coast Guardsmen, depending on your unit’s missions, you could be expected to save lives, make drug busts, safeguard the environment or protect our country from terrorists. 

In return, you will earn a competitive salary, have access to a host of benefits, receive some of the best, most sought-after training from seamanship to technology, and have the opportunity for pay raises, promotions and advancement.

If that is the kind of life you are seeking, and you are READY to make the commitment necessary to be one of us, find a recruiter.

Order your marine water here at Raritan Engineering. We are your #1 expert to take care of your marine sanitation supply needs. 

via Coast Guard Rescues Three After Boat Sinks

via PLAN YOUR NEXT MOVE TO BECOME A COAST GUARD MEMBER

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Your Raritan Marine Ice Makers Specialists Talk About the Importance of Starting Your Boating Education Early

Raritan Engineering your marine ice makers distributors would like to share with you these topics we thought would be of interest to you this month regarding how to become a boat mechanic.

Explore the career requirements for boat mechanics. Get the facts about training options, job duties, employment growth and salary to determine if this is the right career for you. 

What Is a Boat Mechanic?

Boat mechanics maintain and repair motors, engines, propellers, pumps and other parts. General tasks may include lubricating parts, making mechanical adjustments and replacing worn or damaged parts. In this career, you will need to be able to diagnose small motor problems and explain them to customers. You may also be required to make inspections and keep records of the results along with any services performed. \

A boat mechanic is a technician who maintains and repairs inboard and outboard boat engines. Their duties include disassembling and inspecting motors, replacing defective parts and adjusting timing or fuel-air mix. Other duties may include testing and evaluating motor performance at a range of speeds. They also inspect, adjust or replace propellers, power-tilts and bilge pumps and keep records on inspections and repairs. 

The best marine ice maker can be found at Raritan Engineering, where we always take care of your marine sanitation supply needs.

Step 1: Prepare in High School

You may begin preparing for a boat mechanic career by taking shop courses if your high school has them. Shop courses provide direct experience with small hand tools and problem solving. 

Step 2: Complete an Apprenticeship

Learning on-the-job through an apprenticeship program is one way to obtain the training you need. Boat manufacturers and labor unions may offer some apprenticeships, while others are affiliated with local community colleges or technical schools. Inboard and outboard engines, electrical systems, hydraulic systems, parts fabrication and performance tuning are among the subjects you may encounter. 

Step 3: Attend College

While an apprenticeship may prepare you for your career, many employers prefer to hire mechanics with formal training or college educations. You may obtain this experience in a certificate or associate’s degree program in small engine technology. Some schools emphasize marine technology in their programs. 

Step 4: Obtain Employment

You can apply for positions in repair shops, docks and marinas or start your own business. However, if you choose to be self-employed you will have to promote and administer your business. You’ll also need to pay for costly diagnostic equipment. 

Step 5: Consider a Second Revenue Stream

Unless you live and work in an area of the country that is temperate year-round, consider developing a second income during cold weather months when boat owners put their boats into dry dock. 

5-Boat Fire in Everett Saturday Blamed on Mechanical Problem

A mechanical problem is to blame for a fire that damaged five boats, sinking several in Everett on Saturday, officials say.

A boat carrying five people came in to moor at the Port of Everett that evening when a loud boom was heard. Flames spread quickly, and everyone on the boat jumped into the water.

One person was treated by paramedics for minor injuries.

The flames caught the mast of a nearby sailboat, and continued to spread. The dark smoke could be seen for miles.

Choose your Raritan marine products here at Raritan Engineering. We’re your number #1 choice when it comes to buying marine sanitation supplies.

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via 5-boat fire in Everett Saturday blamed on mechanical problem | HeraldNet.com 

via How to Become a Boat Mechanic in 5 Steps

 
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Angoria

Your Marine Sanitation Device Suppliers at Raritan Talk About the Excitement of Sailing to Cuba

Raritan Engineering your marine sanitation device manufacturers would like to share with you this week information regarding amazing tips while traveling to Havana.

Now that U.S. sailors can so easily can go to Cuba, the question remains should they go? I think most cruisers would not want to miss the chance. To explore the reefs of the fabled Jardínes de la Reina, to reach close along the green mountains between Punta Maisi and Boracoa, to wander the streets of La Habana— what more could the cruising life offer than to explore far (and not so far) corners of the world under sail? 

If navigation worries are what’s holding you back, you need not be overly concerned. One of the unexpected benefits of Cuba’s Soviet experience is the GPS-accurate surveys of the island. This does not mean that you can steer blindly through passes by watching your chartplotter cursor, but it does mean that there are surprisingly accurate charts and guides to the area, in many cases more accurate than our own. 

Your Marine Sanitation Device Experts Continue Discussion on Great Sailing Tips You Might Need While Sailing to Cuba

Your marine sanitation device professionals talk about how it is from the publishers of the Waterway Guide, which was highly rated in our most recent comparison of guides to the Intracoastal Waterway. The Waterway Guide has a relatively strong online component with an active community of contributors, so even if you don’t buy the guide, you can use their website for updates on marinas and other relevant information. Wally Moran, a regular contributor to the Waterway Guide with multiple trips to Cuba under his belt (he is a Canadian citizen), contributed much of the information to the guide. 

It covers the north and south coasts of western Cuba, describing the counterclockwise route around the western tip, Cabo San Antonio. The book is 224 pages long and filled with dozens of detailed chartlets and specific navigation instruction. Offering tips on everything from where to buy fresh-baked bread, to making windward progress along the coast, it is about as good a combination of navigation/travel guide as you’ll find for cruising. 

Cuba: A Cruising Guide by Nigel Calder ($57) is the oldest book in our library. Published in 1999 by Imray Laurie Norie & Wilson, the same publisher of Don Street’s familiar guides to the Caribbean, this is the thickest guide to the area, with detailed descriptions of anchorages, even ones that the other guides miss. It is, as far as I know, the only English-language cruising guide that covers the entire island. 

Buying all three books costs close to $150. If I were to skip one to save money, it would be the Waterway Guide, although it covers east coast entry points that Barr’s book omits, so if you are coming down the waterway and through the Bahamas, it is worthwhile. Certainly, you could get by with Calder’s book alone, but Barr’s updates come in handy and her chartlets are well rendered.

If you want to dip your toe into the Cuba cruising without spending a dime, there is also a free guidebook online. 

Finally, for word-of-mouth updates for cruisers who have been there, the Seven Seas Cruising Association is a great resource. The organization held a gam late last year on cruising Cuba and offers a wealth of information for sailors.

Click here for more information regarding marine sanitation devices and how to take care of all your marine sanitation supply needs by going to Raritan Engineering.

via Tips for the Havana Daydreamer

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Marine Hot Water Heaters Dept Shows: 10 Awesome Destinations for Sailing Adventures Around the World

1. The Grenadines

The “Spice Islands” are a chain of 32 picturesque islands sprinkled across 60 miles of the southern Caribbean, offering a perfect blend of dramatic landscapes, culture, marine life, friendly people and unspoiled white sand beaches. Known as some of the world’s greatest sailing waters, you’ll find the ideal sailing conditions and lack of crowds make it one of the best spots for a vacation on the water.

2. Galapagos Islands, Ecuador

This tiny archipelago of islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean is remote, though it entices people from all over the world to see its legendary abundance of rare wildlife. Demand for berths here is heavy, making expedition cruising the best way to explore the 19 islands while boning up on Darwin’s theory of evolution…

3. Port Townsend, Washington

Surrounded by water on three sides, with the spectacular Olympic Mountains providing a dramatic backdrop, Port Townsend is the ultimate place for sailing. Washington’s Victorian Seaport & Arts Community is situated right on the Strait of Juan de Fuca, meaning there’s almost always wind that provides ideal conditions for sailing.

4. Minorca, Spain

Though it may be the lesser known of the Balearic Islands, Minorca is scattered with more spectacular beaches than Ibiza and Mallorca combined, including Cala Mitjaneta, Cala Pregonda, Cala Macarella and Macarelleta… The rolling landscape is mixed with secluded coves and beaches along with a climate ideal for sailing, making it a true sailing paradise.

5. Whitsundays, Australia

Azure seas, cloudless skies and… 74 stunning islands. The majority of this area belongs to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, one of the seven wonders of the natural world: sailing here provides the opportunity to snorkel or dive all day. Boats and tours cater to everyone from beginners to the most experienced.

6. Greek Islands, Greece

With some 6,000 islands in Greece, each with their own distinct character, you’ll find practically an endless number of ports to stop in, with each offering a different feel. Sailing is really the best way to experience these breathtaking islands, finding secluded spots or dining on octopus and ouzo.

7. Bay of Islands, New Zealand

New Zealand has one of the highest per-capita rates of boat ownership on the planet, with the maritime reserves in the Bay of Islands in the country’s winterless north rated among the most beautiful sailing spots in the world.  These roughly 150 islands that have escaped development, are usually the first port of call for hundreds of yachts that drop down from the tropics in the cyclone season.

8. Catalina Island, California

Located 22 miles southwest of Los Angeles, is a boating paradise. The clear waters off the island are filled with an abundance of marine life. You’ll discover a big boating scene at Two Harbors, a small village home to lots of coves that provide moorings and anchorages.

9. French Polynesia

French Polynesia is made up of five main groups of islands, including Tahiti. The islands offer an alluring mix of beautiful lagoons, traditional culture and exotic marine life. This is truly the place that stereotypical ideas of a tropical paradise come from.

10. Virgin Gorda, British Virgin Islands

There are more than 40 islands dotted across the glistening turquoise waters of the central Caribbean Sea, and hundreds of anchorages. The Bitter End Yacht Club on Virgin Gorda, featuring luxurious cabins across the hillside overlooking North Sound, is a fabulous place to base your stay while enjoying these surroundings.

via 10 Awesome Destinations for Sailing Adventures around the World

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Your Marine Water Heaters Distributors Talk About the Importance of Coffee Science and Boating

Raritan Engineering your marine water heaters experts would like to share with you this week some great information regarding great ideas for brewing coffee while boating.

A few years ago, a gourmet coffee maker contacted us*about a new blend it had developed especially for sailors. As I recall, the medium roast was formulated to create a full-bodied taste and aroma when savored outside in the salt air. 

As far as I can tell, no one yet has designed the ideal way to make cup of coffee underway aboard a sailboat. With the hopes of sparing other coffee-lovers years of frustration, or possible injury, I’m sharing my experience with the several methods we’ve tried.

Instant coffee: We spent a couple weeks re-caulking our ketch, Tosca, in Cartegena, Colombia and were chagrined to discover that Nescafe was served at all the restaurants in this coffee-producing country, prompting us to give it a try. Perhaps the South American version was different from the one we knew? Nope. 

Cowboy coffee: We were introduced to this method by a couple of Canadian conspiracy theorists in Fiji, who refused to buy anything made in an industrialized nation that they did not absolutely need. As I recall, all their meals — like their coffee — were made in one large pot. 

Your Marine Water Heaters Manufacturers Share Great Coffee Making Options With You

Stovetop percolator: Your marine water heaters professionals discuss how we picked up one of these at a hardware store in Venezuela. It worked tolerably well at anchor, when the tall pot remained upright, but if you need your morning coffee fast, waiting intently for the telltale gurgle and drip (it seemed to take forever) is a sadistic form of torture. 

French press: I only recently learned that I have been using this wrong all these years, which might be why I never really fully appreciated the taste. The correct approach involves freshly ground beans of a uniform coarseness (apparently only achievable with a special kind of grinder), and a carefully timed steeping. Here’s a link to one of several sites that describe the process in detail. There are so many ways this process can go wrong that I don’t know where to start, but two words sum it up quite well “burr grinder.” 

Stovetop espresso maker: We bought this at the same time we picked up the percolator. (Venezuelans have more kinds of coffee than we have breakfast cereals.)

We were giddy with the excitement of making espresso (real espresso!) onboard, until we realized that this contraption, in the process of brewing, transfers all of the water from the bottom of the container to the top.

Manual drip cone: In the end, we settled for this method. It uses a funnel-type basket that  accepts the same type of filters you use in drip coffeemakers. On long passages, we’d make one thermos full in the evening — in the sink, in case of spills — and this was usually accomplished without injury. 

Bottom line: It works, but not without risk. A good teapot that pours without spilling helps prevent disasters. When its just me in the morning, I still make my coffee this way.

We are currently investigating other methods of making coffee onboard, including the Aeropress, which works something like a French press to make espresso. Interestingly, it’s made by the same company that developed the far-flying Aerobie flying disc. 

Drinking more coffee can lead to a longer life, new studies say

One study surveyed more than 520,000 people in 10 European countries, making it the largest study to date on coffee and mortality, and found that drinking more coffee could significantly lower a person’s risk of mortality.

The second study was more novel, as it focused on nonwhite populations. After surveying over 185,000 African-Americans, Native Americans, Hawaiians, Japanese-Americans, Latinos and whites, the researchers found that coffee increases longevity across various races.

People who drank two to four cups a day had an 18% lower risk of death compared with people who did not drink coffee, according to the study. These findings are consistent with previous studies that had looked at majority white populations, said Veronica Wendy Setiawan, associate professor of preventative medicine at USC’s Keck School of Medicine, who led the study on nonwhite populations.

The study on European countries revealed an inverse association between coffee and liver disease, suicide in men, cancer in women, digestive diseases and circulatory diseases. Those who drank three or more cups a day had a lower risk for all-cause death than people who did not drink coffee.

“The fact that we saw the same relationships in different countries is kind of the implication that its something about coffee rather than its something about the way that coffee is prepared or the way it’s drunk,” he said.

The biological benefits — and caveats

Coffee is a complex mixture of compounds, some of which have been revealed in laboratories to have biological effects, Gunter said.

Both studies separated smokers from nonsmokers, since smoking is known to reduce lifespan and is linked to various deceases. However, they found that coffee had inverse effects on mortality for smokers too.

“Even if it was in some way true, it doesn’t make sense to me, because by smoking, you increase your mortality several-fold. Then, if you reduce it by 10% drinking coffee, give me a break,” said Ascherio, who was not involved in the study.

“I think it’s a dangerous proposition because it suggests that a smoker can counteract the effects of smoking by drinking coffee, which is borderline insane.”

The studies complement work that has been done on coffee and mortality, he said, and it has been reasonably documented that coffee drinkers have a lower risk of death.

“I think that the solid conclusion is that if you’re a coffee drinker, keep drinking your coffee and be happy,” Ascherio said. And if you’re not? “I think you can go on drinking your tea or water without a problem.”

Meanwhile, Gunter and Setiawan stand a bit more firmly on coffee as a health benefit.

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via Adventures in Onboard Coffee Making 

*Posted by Darrell Nicholson

via Drinking more coffee can lead to a longer life, new studies say

Raritan Electric Toilets Distributors Share Great Tip for Removing Barnacles

Raritan Engineering your electric toilets experts would like to share with you this week some amazing information regarding a new use for diaper cream that you might not be expecting.

Some of my favorite tests are those that pit ordinary dime-store products against gold-plated “marine-grade” stuff. This month’s test of prop antifouling paints called to mind an investigation into the antifouling properties of diaper cream that took place in 1995. 

Diaper cream contains zinc oxide, a known biocide that is found in many eco-friendly paints. But it does not control the release of the biocide the way bottom paint does. Nevertheless, you’ll find many bulletin-board posts that recommend diaper cream for depth-sounder transducers, props, and dinghies. My take-away from our 1995 report is that the product worked (sort of) for a limited period, but it is an impractical solution for hulls, and it can’t compete with antifouling paint over the long haul … but I think it’s better to let you read the article and decide for yourself:

As you may recall, in 1992, a can of Penaten-Creme was brought back to the United States by Robert C. Alley, who had read in a British boating magazine that German sailors were using the white stuff to keep the bottoms of their boats free of both animal and vegetable growth. In March 1993, Alley smeared the cream on half of his fiberglass dinghy bottom, left an untreated strip down the middle and painted the other half with Woolsey Neptune bottom paint. Alley also reported that, as translated by his brother, a university professor in California, the PenatenCreme was mostly lanolin, zinc oxide, talc, and petroleum distillates, with a bit of ‘Panthenol, Sorbitan Sesquioleate, Cetylpyridinium Chloride, Witch Hazel, and perfume.’

In the meantime, we started a test of our own. Having been supplied by Alley with a can of Penaten-Creme, we applied it to one quartered-off section on both sides of a clear piece of fiberglass. On corresponding sections, one on each side, we applied a coating of an American diaper ointment called Desitin. (Adjoining quarters were left uncoated.) 

Your Electric Toilets Manufacturers Continue Discussion on This Great Use for Diaper Cream

Your electric marine toilets professionals share how the Desitin tube states that the white cream is 40-percent zinc oxide. It also boasts that it is “effective in sealing out wetness.

The foot-square panel spent the summer suspended from a dock at the Ida Lewis Yacht Club in Newport, R.I. Retrieved in October, the panel displayed the usual fouling on the uncoated fiberglass surfaces and on the wooden mounting strips. The sections coated with Penaten-Creme or Desitin were almost entirely free of growth.

The dinghy had been towed for two years, and the cream had not worn off. A conservative researcher, Alley said he might try the Penaten Creme on his Alberg 30’s rudder and see how it performed before coating the entire bottom.

The bottom line: Both Penaten-Creme and Desitin seem to prevent fouling. However, because both of these clingy, creamy products are messy, we would not apply it to a dinghy (or any other small boat) that gets handled, trailered, or taken aboard. 

These creams would surely be a problem when the boat is launched or hauled. The bottom would be slippery and messy. The creams can be applied relatively smoothly, but we’re not sure they will remain so. 

Visit us here at Raritan Engineering and see how we always have what you need in regards to electric toilets and all of your marine sanitation needs.

via A Diaper Cream Cure for Barnacles?